THE EFFECTS OF STIMULANT THERAPY, EEG BIOFEEDBACK, AND PARENTING STYLE ON THE PRIMARY SYMPTOMS OF ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER. See Study>>
Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 2002 Dec;27(4):231-49.
One hundred children, ages 6-19, who were diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), either inattentive or combined types, participated in a study examining the effects of Ritalin, EEG biofeedback, and parenting style on the primary symptoms of ADHD.
The results of a Quantitative Electroencephalographic Scanning Process (QEEG-Scan; V. J. Monastra et al., 1999) revealed significant reduction in cortical slowing only in patients who had received EEG biofeedback. Behavioral measures indicated that parenting style exerted a significant moderating effect on the expression of behavioral symptoms at home but not at school.
IN-SCHOOL NEUROFEEDBACK TRAINING FOR ADHD: SUSTAINED IMPROVEMENTS FROM A RANDOMIZED CONTROL TRIAL. See Study>>
Pediatrics. 2014 Mar;133(3):483-92.
One hundred four children were randomly assigned to receive neurofeedback, CT, or a control condition and were evaluated 6 months post-intervention.
Neurofeedback participants made more prompt and greater improvements in ADHD symptoms, which were sustained at the 6-month follow-up, than did CT participants or those in the control group. This finding suggests that neurofeedback is a promising attention training treatment for children with ADHD.
SELF-REPORTED EFFICACY OF NEUROFEEDBACK TREATEMENT IN A CLINICAL RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED STUDY OF ADHD CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS. See Study>>
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2014 Sep 2;10:1645-54.
Self-evaluations of neurofeedback treatment by children and adolescents with ADHD.
The self-reported improvements in ADHD core symptoms and school performance shortly after treatment indicate NF treatment being promising in comparison with medication, suggesting NF as an alternative treatment for children and adolescents who do not respond to MPH, or who suffer side effects.
EFFICACY OF NEUROFEEDBACK TREATEMENT IN ADHD: THE EFFECTS ON INATTENTION, IMPULSIVITY AND HYPERACTIVITY: A META-ANALYSIS. See Study>>
Arns, Clin EEG Neurosci.
In this study selected research on neurofeedback treatment for ADHD was collected and a meta-analysis was performed.
Neurofeedback treatment for ADHD can be considered “Efficacious and Specific” (Level 5) with a large ES for inattention and impulsivity and a medium ES for hyperactivity.
DIFFERENTIAL EFFECTS OF THETA/BETA AND SMR NEUROFEEDBACK IN ADHD ON SLEEP ONSET LATENCY. See Study>>
Front Hum Neurosci. 2014 Dec 23;8:1019.
In this study we compared adult ADHD patients (N = 19) to a control group (N = 28) and investigated if differences existed in sleep parameters such as Sleep Onset Latency (SOL), Sleep Duration (DUR) and overall reported sleep problems (PSQI) and if there is an association between sleep-parameters and ADHD symptoms.
These results suggest differential effects and different working mechanisms for TBR and SMR neurofeedback in the treatment of ADHD.
IS NEUROFEEDBACK AN EFFICACIOUS TREATMENT FOR ADHD? A RANDOMISED CONTROLLED CLINICAL TRIAL. See Study>>
J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2009 Jul;50(7):780-9.
Evaluation of the clinical efficacy of neurofeedback in children with ADHD in a multisite randomised controlled study using a computerised attention skills training as a control condition.
Superiority of the combined NF training indicates clinical efficacy of NF in children with ADHD. Future studies should further address the specificity of effects and how to optimise the benefit of NF as treatment module for ADHD.
FUNCTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING INVESTIGATION OF THE EFFECTS OF NEUROFEEDBACK TRAINING ON THE NEURAL BASES OF SELECTIVE ATTENTION AND RESPONSE INHIBITION IN CHILDREN WITH ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER. See Study>>
Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 2006 Mar;31(1):3-20.
Two functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) experiments were undertaken to measure the effect of neurofeedback training (NFT), in AD/HD children, on the neural substrates of selective attention and response inhibition.
Suggests that NFT has the capacity to functionally normalize the brain systems mediating selective attention and response inhibition in AD/HD children.
NEUROFEEDBACK IN CHILDREN WITH ADHD: SPECIFIC EVENT-RELATED POTENTIAL FINDINGS OF A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL. See Study>>
Clin Neurophysiol. 2011 May;122(5):942-50
Children with ADHD either completed a NF training or a computerized attention skills training (ratio 3:2)
CNV effects reflect neuronal circuits underlying resource allocation during cognitive preparation. These distinct ERP effects are closely related to a successful NF training in children with ADHD. In future studies, neurophysiological recordings could help to optimize and individualize NF training.
NEUROFEEDBACK IN ADHD: A SINGLE-BLIND RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL. See Study>>
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2011 Sep;20(9):481-91.
This study addresses those methodological shortcomings by comparing the effects of the following two matched biofeedback training variants on the primary symptoms of ADHD: EEG neurofeedback (NF) aiming at theta/beta ratio reduction and EMG biofeedback (BF) aiming at forehead muscle relaxation.
The results indicate that NF effectively reduced inattention symptoms on parent rating scales and reaction time in neuropsychological tests. However, regarding hyperactivity and impulsivity symptoms, the results imply that non-specific factors, such as behavioural contingencies, self-efficacy, structured learning environment and feed-forward processes, may also contribute to the positive behavioural effects induced by neurofeedback training.
NEUROFEEDBACK IN ADHD AND INSOMNIA: VIIGLANCE STABILIZATION THROUGH SLEEP SPINDLES AND CIRCADIAN NETWORKS. See Study>>
Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2014 Jul;44:183-94.
An overview of the history and current status of neurofeedback for the treatment of ADHD and insomnia.
Clinical trials investigating new treatments in ADHD should include assessments at follow-up as their primary endpoint rather than assessments at outtake. Furthermore, an implication requiring further study is that neurofeedback could be stopped when SOI is normalized, which might result in fewer sessions.
NEUROFEEDBACK FOR THE TREATMENT OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS WITH ADHD: A RANDOMIZED AND CONTROLLED CLINICAL TRIAL USING PARENTAL REPORTS. See Study>>
BMC Psychiatry. 2012 Aug 10;12:
A randomized and controlled clinical study to evaluate the use of neurofeedback (NF) to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents.
Neurofeedback produced a significant improvement in the core symptoms of ADHD, which was equivalent to the effects produced by MPH, based on parental reports. This supports the use of NF as an alternative therapy for children and adolescents with ADHD.
NEUROFEEDBACK AND STANDARD PHHARMACOLOGICAL INTERVENTION IN ADHD. A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL WITH SIX-MONTH FOLLOW-UP. See Study>>
Biol Psychol. 2013 Sep;94(1):12-21.
A randomized controlled trial that aims to evaluate the efficacy of Neurofeedback compared to standard pharmacological intervention in the treatment of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Two-month and six-month follow-up assessments, based on parent and teacher reports, showed that participants receiving NF maintain their improvements months after completing the training.